May 6, 2011

Countries With More Than One Capital

[This entry was updated on 4/7/2015]

I am very certain that everybody knows some capital cities around the world such as London, Beijing, Tokyo, Amsterdam, Paris and many more.

We can even name the country for each respective capital cities. This is normal because the main gateway into most of the countries around the world are through the capital cities.
The main airport is usually located at the capital or the suburb areas of the capital city.
For France, the main airport is Charled de Gaulle Airport in Paris and for South Korea the main airport is Incheon International Airport located in a suburb area of Seoul named Incheon.

Even in the news, when it is involving diplomatic relationship and international conflict; news presenters often mention the capital city when referring to any government or country.

However, not all countries have only one capital city. Minority of the countries globally, have separate administrative and official capital. This is normal due to the congestion or overcrowding in the existing capital city and force the government to relocate to a new location.

For me, this is quite an interesting trivia so that we will not be confused when we different capital cities are used to refer the same country. And it is very useful for your general knowledge also.

Below are the alphabetical order of countries with more than one capital city. 


Benin 
Porto-Novo - Official capital
Cotonou - De facto seat of government

Bolivia 
Sucre - Official (constitutional) capital; seat of national judiciary
La Paz - Seat of national administrative & legislative bodies

Chile 
Santiago - Official capital; seat of national administrative and judicial bodies
Valparaiso - Seat of national legislature

Cote d'Ivoire 
Yamoussoukro - Official capital
Abidjan - De facto seat of government

Georgia 
Tbilisi - Official capital and seat of executive government and President
Kutaisi - Legislative capital

Honduras 
Tegucigalpa - De facto capital and constituting the Municipality of the Central District (which is the offical constitutional capital)
Comayaguela - Constituting the Municipality of the Central District (which is the offical constitutional capital)

Malaysia 
Kuala Lumpur - Official capital; seat of national legislature
Putrajaya - Administrative centre and seat of national judiciary

Montenegro 
Podgorica - Official capital and seat of government
Cetinje - Old royal capital and site of palace of head of state

Netherlands 
Amsterdam - Official (constitutional) capital
The Hague - Administrative centre and seat of national judiciary

South Africa 
Pretoria - Administrative capital
Cape Town - Legislative capital
Bloemfontein - Judicial capital

Sri Lanka 
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte - Administrative capital
Colombo - Commercial capital

Swaziland 
Mbabane - Administrative capital
Lobamba - Legislative and royal capital

Tanzania 
Dodoma - Official capital
Dar es Salaam - De facto seat of government

Western Sahara (SADR) 
El Aaiun - Declared capital
Tifariti - Temporary capital



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