Jun 2, 2014

Cities Of Malaysia

Actually, there are a lot of towns in Malaysia. In Selangor itself, we have Shah Alam, Petaling Jaya, Kajang, Klang, and many more.  However, not all of those towns are considered as city. City refers to developed town.

Until today, there are 12 cities in Malaysia. Sadly, there are four capitals that are not fully developed which are Seremban, Negeri Sembilan; Kuantan, Pahang; Kangar, Perlis; and Kota Bharu, Kelantan.

Usually, when a town gets a city status, the municipality will change its name to city council.
For instance, previous Majlis Perbandaran Petaling Jaya (MPPJ) now known as Majlis Bandaraya Petaling Jaya (MBPJ). All cities use the same term except Dewan Bandaraya Kuala Lumpur (DBKL).

So, below are 12 cities of Malaysia [ordered by date of establishment]


1)George Town, Penang (1 January 1957; current status disputed)
George Town is the capital of the state of Penang in Malaysia. Named after Britain's King George III, George Town is located on the north-east corner of Penang Island. The inner city has a population of 720,202 and the metropolitan area known as George Town Conurbation which consists of Penang Island, Seberang Prai, Sungai Petani and Kulim has a combined population of 2,251,042; making it the second largest metropolitan area in Malaysia.


The inner city of George Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.






















2)Kuala Lumpur (1 February 1972)
Kuala Lumpur is the federal capital and most populous city in Malaysia. The city covers an area of 243 km2 (94 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 1.6 million as of 2010. Greater Kuala Lumpur, also known as the Klang Valley, is an urban agglomeration of 6.9 million as of 2010. It is among the fastest growing metropolitan regions in the country, in terms of population and economy.

Kuala Lumpur is the seat of the Parliament of Malaysia. The city was once home to the executive and judicial branches of the federal government, but they were moved to Putrajaya (Federal Territory) in early 1999. Some sections of the judiciary still remains in the capital city of Kuala Lumpur. The official residence of the Malaysian King, the Istana Negara, is also situated in Kuala Lumpur.

Kuala Lumpur is defined within the borders of the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur and is one of three Malaysian Federal Territories. It is an enclave within the state of Selangor, on the central west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.


















3)Ipoh, Perak (27 May 1988)
Ipoh is the capital city of Perak state, Malaysia. It is approximately 200 km (125 miles) north of Kuala Lumpur and 130 km (81 miles) south of Penang on the North-South Expressway.

Ipoh developed into one of Malaysia's main cities around the turn of the 19th century due to the booming tin mining industry. During the British colonial era, Ipoh was Malaysia's second city for administrative purposes. Architecturally, the city centre is characterised by Straits eclectic shop houses. There are several impressive historical buildings from the British Colonial era such as the Railway Station, the Town Hall and the Court House.



















4)Kuching, Sarawak (1 August 1988)
Kuching , officially the City of Kuching, and formerly the City of Sarawak, is the capital and the most populous city in the state of Sarawak in Malaysia. The city covers an area of 431 km² and has a population about 165,642 on the north, while 159,490 on the south. If mixed, the total of the population are 325,132.

Kuching is one of the two subsets of the Kuching Proper subdistrict, the other subset being part of the Padawan municipality. Kuching Proper is one of the three subdistricts in the Kuching District, which is one of the three districts in the Kuching Division.




















5)Johor Bahru, Johor (1 January 1994)
Johor Bahru is the capital city of Johor in southern Malaysia, located north of Singapore. Johor Bahru is the southernmost city on the Eurasian mainland. Pasir Pelangi, the royal village, is located within Johor Bahru.

The city in itself has a population of 1,334,188 as of 2010, while the metropolitan Johor Bahru, also known as Iskandar Malaysia, has a population of 1,730,000.



















6)Kota Kinabalu, Sabah (2 February 2000)
Kota Kinabalu formerly known as Jesselton, is the capital of the state of Sabah, located in East Malaysia. It is also the capital of the West Coast Division of Sabah. The city is located along the northwest coast of Borneo facing the South China Sea. The Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park lies on its west and Mount Kinabalu, which gave the city its name, is located towards the east. Kota Kinabalu has a population of 452,058 and, including the adjacent Penampang and Putatan district, the metro area has an estimated population of 628,725.

Kota Kinabalu is often known as KK within Malaysia and internationally. It is a major fishing destination and a popular gateway for travellers visiting Sabah and Borneo. Kinabalu National Park is located about 90 kilometres from the city and there are many tourist attractions in and around the city. Kota Kinabalu is also one of the major industrial and commercial centres of East Malaysia. These two factors combine to make Kota Kinabalu one of the fastest growing cities in Malaysia.



















7)Shah Alam, Selangor (10 October 2000)
Shah Alam is the state capital of Selangor, Malaysia and situated within the Petaling District and a small portion of the neighbouring Klang District. It is located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) west of the country's capital, Kuala Lumpur. Shah Alam replaced Kuala Lumpur as the capital city of the state of Selangor in 1978 due to Kuala Lumpur's incorporation into a Federal Territory in 1974. Shah Alam was the first planned city in Malaysia after independence from Britain in 1957.



















8)Malacca Town, Malacca (15 April 2003)
Malacca City is the capital city of the Malaysian state of Malacca. The Seri Negeri, the State Administrative and Development Centre which houses the Chief Minister's Office, the State Secretary's Office and the Legislative Assembly Hall are located in Malacca City. It has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site together with George Town of Penang on 7 July 2008.



















9)Alor Setar, Kedah(21 December 2003)
Alor Setar,  is the capital and largest city of Kedah, Malaysia, and is one of the major cities on the western coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The city houses the Kota Setar District Administrative Centre at Muadzam Shah and Anak Bukit, the royal city of Kedah.

Alor Setar is located 93 kilometres north of Penang and 45 km from Malaysia's border with Thailand. Its location along the main travel route from Malaysia to Thailand has long made it a major transportation hub in the northern Malay Peninsula. At present, the city covers a land area of 666 km2, which is occupied by more than 300,000 thousand inhabitants (as per the 2010 census). At the local government level, Alor Setar is administered by the Alor Setar City Council.
















10)Miri, Sarawak (20 May 2005)
Miri is a city in northern Sarawak, Malaysia, on the island of Borneo. It is the second largest city in Sarawak, with a population of about 360,000 and located in close proximity to Brunei. It is the government administrative centre of Miri District in Miri Division. Miri is the birthplace of Sarawak's and Malaysia's petroleum industry, which remains the major industry of the city.

The city's other major industries include processed timber, oil palm production, and tourism. Miri is the main tourist gateway for Gunung Mulu National Park, Loagan Bunut National Park, Lambir National Park, Niah National Park and Miri-Sibuti Coral Reef National Park. The world famous Gunung Mulu National Park with its Sarawak Chamber, a half an hour flight from the city, is one of the favourite eco-tourism destinations. Miri has lately become known for its exotic coral reefs.


















11)Petaling Jaya, Selangor (20 June 2006)
Petaling Jaya (commonly called "PJ" by locals) is a Malaysian city originally developed as a satellite township for Kuala Lumpur comprising mostly residential and some industrial areas. It is located in the Petaling district of Selangor with an area of approximately 97.2 square kilometres (37.5 sq mi). On 20 June 2006, Petaling Jaya was granted a city status.


















12)Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu (1 January 2008)
Kuala Terengganu is the largest city as well as the state and royal capital of Terengganu state, Malaysia. On 1 January 2008, Kuala Terengganu was awarded city status. The city has a population of 343,284 and is also the seat of a district of the same name. Kuala Terengganu is located about 500 kilometers northeast of Kuala Lumpur on a promontory surrounded on three sides by the South China Sea. The name means the "Terengganu Harbour", referring to the broad expanse of the Terengganu River estuary which empties into the ocean at this point. Kuala Terengganu is also the name of the parliamentary constituency in which the city is situated. The inhabitants of the city speak a distinct Terengganese dialect of Malay.




















images source: google.com
cities description: wikipedia.com

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